2021 will be the year of the battle with the coronavirus. But because life does not stop with covid-19, these are the leaders who will influence the year that has just begun.

The different calendar of 2021: These are the leaders who will influence the year that started
The different calendar of 2021: These are the leaders who will influence the year that started

The Guardian has prepared a different calendar for the 12 months of 2021 by selecting the 12 politicians who it estimates will be the central figures of the new year with different milestones for each.

January - Joe Biden

The year will start with a positive tone: the inauguration of Joe Biden, the 46th President of the United States on January 20.

The new US president will return the country to the Paris climate agreement and the World Health Organization and is expected to work more closely with US allies in Europe and Asia.

However, the "honeymoon" for Joe Biden will be short as he is expected to have difficulties in advancing his legislative initiatives unless the Democrats win the two repeat elections in Georgia on January 5.

Biden faces three personal political challenges for 2021: the myth of the "stolen election" cultivated by Trump, the left-wing trend within the Democratic Party, and the debate over his health as he turns 78.

February - Recep Tayyip Erdogan

The Turkish president will blow out 67 birthday candles in February and celebrate 20 years since the founding of the Justice and Development Party.

The Recep Tayyip Erdogan pursue a policy which aims to "feed" the nationalist sentiment to hide the problems inside Turkey .

Therefore, 2021 is expected to be a year of greater violence against the Kurds in Syria but also of greater turmoil in Libya, the Balkans and the Caucasus.

March - Bashar al-Assad

March 2021 marks 20 years since the start of the catastrophic civil war in Syria .

Pressure to prosecute Bashar al-Assad , who survives despite cities being destroyed and people killed or displaced, is expected to intensify in 2021.

But Assad relies on Russia and Iran for protection.

If his plans for a recent campaign in Idlib come true, then there are fears of a new large wave of refugees.

April - Emanuel Macron

It was April 2018 when the then young Emanuel Macron won the first round of the presidential election in France.

In April 2022, the French president will be put to the ballot box again with two main issues that will judge a lot: his account of French populism and the management of Islamist terrorism.

Unlike other Western leaders, Macron has waged an ideological war against extremists, with critics arguing that his stance has provoked jihadists.

The biggest fear of Macron and the Europeans is that in 2021 he will bring with him more terrorist attacks either in France or elsewhere in Europe.

May - Nicola Sterzon

The UK will be faced with a triple challenge for 2021: the management of the pandemic of coronavirus, to address a possible chaos after Brexit and avoid a constitutional crisis that would lead to the fragmentation of the UK.

One of the participants in all three of these challenges will be Scottish Prime Minister Nicholas Sturgeon as the Scottish Nationalist Party pushes for independence from the United Kingdom.

Should the SNP win a landslide victory in the May elections in Scotland, the demand for a new independence referendum is expected to return to the surface. The fact that the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Boris Johnson has said in all tones that he will not allow such a process again makes the future uncertain.

The case of Catalonia in 2017 is a nightmare hovering over Scotland.

June - Hassan Rohani

Elections will be held in Iran on June 18, but Hassan Rohani cannot run again.

Rohani was a disappointment to the Iranians and the reforms he promised did not materialize and in his day a policy of oppression and economic recession prevailed.

Rohani, however, was not against Iran 's dialogue with the West, but this "window" seems to be closing.

If Iran's elite military and anti-Western conservatives prevail, then any hopes of Western reconciliation with Tehran are dashed.

July - Xi Jinping

July 2021 marks the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China by Mao Zedong.

Modern "Mao" of China, the Si Tzinpingk perhaps yet exert a greater influence from the founder of the CCP.

In his day, China has moved from the path of peaceful development to that of an aggressive dominant country.

China's attempts to bully countries such as Australia and Canada, its contempt for countries such as Britain, and its efforts to defy rival countries such as India and the US send messages of a difficult year with fronts constantly will be expanded on a number of topics.

August - Antonio Gutierrez

If all goes well in August we will have the Tokyo Olympics, an event that will restore the need for a spirit of global cooperation led by UN Secretary General Antonio Gutierrez .

What the UN Secretary- General is called upon to ensure is that everyone will be safe from the coronavirus as the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in 2021 is estimated at 235 million, an increase of 40% compared to 2020 which is attributed to almost entirely in the coronavirus pandemic.

"The planet must stand by those most in need," Gutierrez said, and needs $ 35 billion to do so.

September - Angela Merkel

Germany's September federal election will mark the political departure of Angela Merkel , the first female chancellor in the country's history to remain in office since 2005.

Merkel's loss is expected to be particularly felt within the EU, especially on burning issues such as the unification of the eurozone, the EU budget and relations with NATO.

With a new US government at home, China and Russia playing the role of bad neighbor, 2021 will be a challenging year for Europe, especially in terms of unity. 27.

October - Vladimir Putin

October 2021 marks the 30th anniversary of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, with Vladimir Putin being one of the most important figures of that period as he has been one of the leading politicians since 1999, first as Prime Minister and then as President of Russia.

Putin was born in October and, analysts say, may need a second "October Revolution" to hold modern Russia together .

He appears tired and isolated, although he has made moves to secure his political future with a top-down constitutional review allowing him to serve another two six years in the Kremlin.

After two decades, Putin now has few international allies. Russia is living with the sanctions imposed by the EU and the US, Trump has left and Western countries are turning their backs on him - the biggest proof of this weakness is the negotiations for a military alliance with China.

November - Zaich Bolsonaru

The UN Cop26 Summit on Climate Change is scheduled for November with the aim of giving "fresh air" to the Paris Agreement.

The goal of the UN Secretary General is for all countries to declare a state of climate alert in 2021.

On the other hand, in the first place of the "suicidal war against nature" is the president of Brazil, the extreme right-wing populist Zaich Bolsonaro .

The destruction of the Amazon is at its highest level in the last decade and has accelerated since 2019 when Bolsonaru came to power with the fear of the whole world being the environmental hooliganism "of the Brazilian president to become more intense in 2021.

December - Kim Jong Un

The last month of 2021 marks 10 years since Kim Jong Un succeeded his father, Kim Jong Il, as North Korea's supreme leader.

The question that will torment many for the whole of 2021 is whether Kim will return to the nuclear tests that were the fear and terror of the planet in previous years.

Tram's attempt to reach an agreement with Kim was unsuccessful, and new US President Joe Biden has not come up with new ideas on the subject, a combination that is not only auspicious.

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